Dr Olanrewaju Falodu, a Dermatologist, on Monday advised individuals to use water based moisturisers on their skin to ward off the effect of harsh weather conditions.
He gave this advice in Abuja.
Falodu said the changing weather can affect skin in a number of ways due to aspects such as the heat and the moisture in the air.
He said: “The weather has been changing recently by becoming hot and dry when the heat is up and cold and dry when air is harsh.
“When the heat drops, the humidity level falls rapidly making the weather harsh, cold and dry which can wreak havoc on your skin.
“Excess heat increases sweat production, which means more oil available to clog pores resulting acne.
“Excess dryness can lead to red patches and excess dead skin cells that clog pores, causing acne.
“Extreme heat and humidity facilitates bacterial and fungal infections such as such as groin and under arm rash, boils on thighs and lower back.’’
He noted that patients consult him over different skin conditions relating to the effects of the weather.
He said: “I see patients coming in complaining of dry, itchy skin, while some complain of skin infections.
In both men and women the skin becomes dry, dull, flaky, reactive, tired and older when the weather is hot or dry.Men commonly ignore the immediate darkening or tanning of skin but it eventually leaves behind bothersome dark discoloured patches on the face.
“Women become pale and the usual glow in skin is replaced with red patches and increase in wrinkles.’’
According to him, most skin care plan typically does not accommodate all types of weather that can happen throughout the year, so you need to be attuned to your individual skin needs.
He said: “Our skin is our body’s first line of defence against the elements.
When the weather leaves our skin dry and itchy, don't hide it under long pants and gloves.Replenish your skin with water based moisturiser.
“Mosturisers should be applied to sensitive parts such as the lips, face and hands.”
He also advised that using a mild, fragrance-free soap that moisturises as it cleanses should be used.
He added that using any bar of soap which robs the skin of essential oils is detrimental to especially dry skin.